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FOCUS ON READING – COMPREHENSION SKILLS – LINDA SENJOV (Head of Curriculum)

13/11/2013
FOCUS ON READING – COMPREHENSION SKILLS – LINDA SENJOV (Head of Curriculum)
 
Reading is making meaning. If a student is reading without understanding what is going on in the story, they are not really reading at all. That is why they should be constantly asking themselves “Does this make sense?” . If they have doubts, they should reread the text to make sure they have comprehended fully.
 
At Kruger, we teach comprehension skills and strategies so that students are able to be successful readers. Some of these that you may be able to help your child with are:
 
Understanding Sequence
 
·        What came first, next, last
·        Clues about give hints on what time of day, week, year the story is taking place
·        The order things are being done as in instructions
 
Finding the main idea
 
·         Finding the most important idea in the paragraph, chapter or text
 
Recalling facts and details
 
·         These often tell about the who, what, where, when, why and how of the main idea
 
Recognising cause and effect
 
·         Why something is happening is the cause
·         What happens because of the cause is the effect
·         Some words that signal cause and effect are so, so that, since, because, if, reason and as a result
 
Making Predictions - readers think about what might happen next in a reading passage.  They may find clues in:
 
·         The title or cover
·         In the facts and details
·         In pictures, diagrams, captions and tables of information
 
Distinguishing between real and make-believe
 
·         Real stories are about things that could happen in real life
·         Stories that are make-believe often contain clues such as animals that can talk, characters with special powers and places where unusual things happen.
 
The purpose of reading will become much more obvious as children develop these skills.